Formerly known as Adult Probation, the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure defines community supervision as "the placement of a defendant by a court under a continuum of programs and sanctions, with conditions imposed by the court for a specified period during which: (a) criminal proceedings are deferred without an adjudication of guilt; or (b) a sentence of imprisonment or confinement, imprisonment and fine, or confinement and fine, is probated and the imposition of sentence is suspended in whole or in part."

In short, Community Supervision (Adult Probation) is an alternative to serving a sentence in a jail or penitentiary and is an opportunity to promote positive change in an offender's behavior.